Francke T. Position-sensitive gaseous photomultipliers: research and applications (Hershey, 2016). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
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ОбложкаFrancke T. Position-sensitive gaseous photomultipliers: research and applications / T.Francke, V.Peskov. - Hershey: Engineering science reference (an imprint of IGI Global), 2016. - xx, 21-24, 562 p.: ill. - (Advances in chemical and materials engineering (ASME) book series) (Premier reference source). - Incl. bibl. ref. - Compilation of references: p.526-557. - Ind.: p.559-562. - ISBN 978-1-5225-0242-5; ISSN 2327-5448
Шифр: (И/ З 85-F85) 02
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ......................................................... x
Acknowledgment ................................................. xx
Introduction ................................................... 21

Chapter 1  Conversion of UV and Visible Photons to 
Photoelectrons .................................................. 1
1  PHOTOIONIZATION OF GASES ..................................... 1
2  LIQUID PHOTOCATHODES ......................................... 2
3  SOLID PHOTOCATHODES .......................................... 4
CONCLUSIVE REMARKS .............................................. 7

Chapter 2  Electron Multiplication and Electron Multipliers ..... 9
l  ELECTRON AVALANCHE MULTIPLICATION IN GASES ................... 9
2  SECONDARY PROCESSES DURING AVALANCHE DEVELOPMENTS ........... 11
3  THE MAIN DESIGNS OF AVALANCHE GASEOUS DETECTORS AND THE 
   PRINCIPLE OF THEIR OPERATION ................................ 15
   CONCLUSION AND REMARKS ...................................... 38

Chapter 3  Position-Sensitive Gaseous Photomultipliers Filled
with Photosensitive Vapours .................................... 49
1  INTRODUCTION ................................................ 49
2  SEARCH FOR VAPOURS WITH LOW IONIZATION POTENTIAL ............ 51
3  EXPERIENCES LEARNED WHEN OPERATING GASEOUS DETECTORS 
   FILLED WITH PHOTOSENSITIVE VAPOURS .......................... 63
4  THE SINGLE PHOTOELECTRON PULSE HEIGHT SPECTRUM .............. 71
5  AGING OF PHOTOSENSITIVE GASEOUS DETECTORS ................... 75
6  CATHODE EXCITATION .......................................... 80
7  LEAKAGE CURRENT IN DETECTORS FILLED WITH TMAE VAPOURS ....... 82
8  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS .......................................... 84

Chapter 4  Liquid Photocathodes ................................ 91
1  INTRODUCTION: EARLY OBSERVATIONS ............................ 91
2  SYSTEMATIC STUDIES OF TMAE BASED PHOTOCATHODES .............. 93
3  OTHER LIQUID PHOTOCATHODES ................................. 108
4  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 115

Chapter 5  Early Work on UV Sensitive Solid Photocathodes 
for Gaseous Detectors ......................................... 119
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 119
2  A MWPC COMBINED WITH A CUI PHOTOCATHODE .................... 121
3  OTHER SOLID PHOTOCATHODES .................................. 124
4  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 130

Chapter 6  Csl and Cs2Te Photocathodes ........................ 137
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 137
2  Csl PHOTOCATHODES .......................................... 140
3  A Cs2Te PHOTOCATHODE ....................................... 200
4  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 205

Chapter 7  Gaseous Detectors Sensitive to Visible Light ....... 220
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 220
2  EARLY WORK ON GASEOUS DETECTORS SENSITIVE TO VISIBLE
   LIGHT ...................................................... 222
3  MASTERING PHOTOCATHODE MANUFACTURING ....................... 232
4  SYSTEMATIC STUDIES OF PHOTOCATHODE PROTECTION .............. 238
5  HOLE TYPE GASEOUS PHOTOMULTIPLIERS ......................... 242
6  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 266

Chapter 8  Alternative Position Sensitive Photomultipliers .... 273
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 273
2  MULTI-ANODE PMTs ........................................... 277
3  MCP-BASED POSITION SENSITIVE PMTs .......................... 282
4  HYBRID VACUUM PHOTODETECTORS ............................... 292
5  THE MAIN APPLICATIONS OF POSITION SENSITIVE VACUUM PMTs .... 298
6  SOLID-STATE DETECTORS ...................................... 300
7  APPLICATION OF SOLID-STATE DETECTORS ....................... 306
8  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 309

Chapter 9  Cherenkov Light .................................... 317
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 317
2  CHERENKOV LIGHT ............................................ 317
3  GENERAL THEORY ............................................. 320
4  CONCLUSION AND REMARKS ..................................... 333

Chapter 10  The History of Cherenkov Detectors ................ 336
1  CHERENKOV DETECTORS ........................................ 336
2  THE PIONEERS ............................................... 337
3  THE BIRTH OF RICH COUNTERS ................................. 339
4  MODERN RICH COUNTERS ....................................... 342
5  CONCLUSION AND REMARKS ..................................... 344

Chapter 11  A NaF RICH Counter ................................ 346
1  THE HISTORY OF THE NaF RICH PROJECT: THE CPLEAR 
   SPECTROMETER ............................................... 346
2  THE CONVENTIONAL CHERENKOV COUNTER ......................... 348
3  THE NaF RICH COUNTER ....................................... 349
4  THE ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE NaF RICH DETECTOR USING A 
   QUARTZ WINDOW AND PAD READOUT .............................. 359
5  SEPARATION POWER ........................................... 373
6  CONCLUSION ................................................. 377

Chapter 12  Performance of the CAPRICE94 RICH Detector 
during the 1994 Balloon Flight ................................ 381
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 381
2  THE CAPRICE94 RICH DETECTOR ................................ 382
3  EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS ....................................... 383
4  CONCLUSION ................................................. 390

Chapter 13  Performance of the CAPRICE98 Balloon Borne 
Gas-RICH Detector ............................................. 393
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 393
2  THE GAS-RICH DETECTOR ...................................... 394
3  RESULTS FROM FLIGHT DATA ................................... 401
4  CONCLUSION ................................................. 412

Chapter 14  CsI-RICH Detectors ................................ 417
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 417
2  CsI-MWPC RICH DETECTORS .................................... 418
3  CsI-GEM RICH DETECTORS ..................................... 426
4  CsI-TGEM/RETGEM RICH DETECTORS ............................. 430
5  THE COMPASS RICH UPGRADE ................................... 437
6  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 438

Chapter 15  Other Applications of Photo-Sensitive Detectors ... 443
1  INTRODUCTION ............................................... 443
2  PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS ......................................... 443
3  SPECTROSCOPY ............................................... 448
4  ASTROPHYSICS ............................................... 453
5  DETECTION OF SPARKS AND FLAMES ............................. 454
6  PHOTOSENSITIVE GASEOUS DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF 
   SCINTILLATORS .............................................. 472
7  CONCLUSIVE REMARKS ......................................... 487

Conclusion .................................................... 498
Appendix ...................................................... 312
Glossary ...................................................... 522
Compilation of References ..................................... 526
About the Authors ............................................. 558
Index ......................................................... 559

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