Prost G.L. Remote sensing for geoscientists: image analysis and integration (Boca Raton, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
Навигация

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаProst G.L. Remote sensing for geoscientists: image analysis and integration. - 3rd ed. - Boca Raton: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2014. - xxvii, 674 p.: ill. - Bibliogr. at the end of the chapters. - Ind.: p.623-674. - ISBN 978-1-4665-6174-8
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ....................................................... xxi
Acknowledgments ............................................... xxv
Author ...................................................... xxvii

Section I Initiating Projects
1  Project Flow and Obtaining Data .............................. 3
   Chapter Overview ............................................. 3
   Choosing the Right Imagery for the Job ....................... 3
   Acquiring Imagery ............................................ 8
   References ................................................... 8
   Additional Reading ........................................... 9
2  Photointerpretation Tools and Techniques .................... 11
   Chapter Overview ............................................ 11
   Tools ....................................................... 11
      Light Tables ............................................. 11
      Magnifying Glasses ....................................... 11
      Stereoscopes ............................................. 12
      Transferscopes ........................................... 12
      Scales and Planimeters ................................... 14
      Parallax Bars ............................................ 14
      Overlays ................................................. 14
      Base Maps ................................................ 15
      Filters .................................................. 15
   Image Characteristics ....................................... 15
      Photo Finish ............................................. 15
      Paper versus Film ........................................ 15
      Hard Copy versus Digital ................................. 16
   Mechanics of Image Analysis ................................. 16
      Image Interpretation ..................................... 16
      Influence of Scale ....................................... 18
      Influence of Color ....................................... 19
   Technique ................................................... 19
      Effect of Viewing Direction or Perspective ............... 20
      Foreshortening ........................................... 20
      Filtering ................................................ 20
      Viewing with "Fresh Eyes" ................................ 20
      Multiple Images of the Same Area ......................... 20
   Image Processing ............................................ 21
      Contrast Enhancement (and Suppression) ................... 21
      Filtering ................................................ 21
      Ratioing ................................................. 24
      Transforms and Spectral Band Merging ..................... 25
      Color Manipulation ....................................... 28
      Density Slicing .......................................... 28
      Vegetation Indices ....................................... 28
      Classification ........................................... 29
      Geographic Information Systems ........................... 30
   References .................................................. 31
   Additional Reading .......................................... 32
3  Remote Sensing Systems ...................................... 33
   Chapter Overview ............................................ 33
   Instrument Systems .......................................... 33
      Cameras and Photography .................................. 33
         Black-and-White Photography ........................... 35
         Color Photography ..................................... 36
         Satellite Photography ................................. 39
      Thermal Scanners and Imagery ............................. 39
      Radar .................................................... 41
         Radar Profiling/Microwave Sounders .................... 44
         Radar Altimeters ...................................... 45
         Radar Interferometry .................................. 45
      Passive Microwave Radiometry ............................. 46
      Spectrometers, Spectrophotometers, and Interferometers ... 47
         Multispectral and Hyperspectral Scanners .............. 48
         Imaging Absorption Spectrometers ...................... 51
         Occultation Spectrometers ............................. 51
         Michelson Interferometers ............................. 51
      Lasers, Lidar, and Lidar Altimeters ...................... 51
         Backscatter Lidar ..................................... 55
         Differential Absorption Lidar ......................... 55
         Fluorescence Lidar .................................... 55
         Doppler Lidar ......................................... 55
         Broadband Lidar ....................................... 56
      Potential Fields Systems (Gravity and Magnetics
      Instruments) ............................................. 56
         Gravimeters ........................................... 57
         Magnetometers ......................................... 59
      Gamma Ray and X-Ray Spectrometry ......................... 61
      Airborne Electromagnetic Surveys ......................... 64
      Airborne Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic Survey ....... 64
      Airborne Resistivity ..................................... 65
      Airborne Induced Polarization ............................ 65
      Ground-Penetrating Radar ................................. 66
      Other EM Systems ......................................... 67
      Side-Scan Sonar .......................................... 68
   Instrument Platforms ........................................ 70
      Airborne Scanner Systems ................................. 71
         Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner ................ 71
         Airborne Imagining Spectrometer ....................... 71
         Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer ........ 71
      Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager ................... 72
      Thematic Mapper Simulator ................................ 72
      NS-001 ................................................... 72
      AIRSAR ................................................... 73
      Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer .. 73
      Hyperspectral Digital Imagery Collection Experiment ...... 73
      Short Wavelength Infrared Full Spectrum Imager ........... 73
      Digital Airborne Imaging Spectrometer 7915 ............... 73
      Portable Hyperspectral Imager for Low-Light
      Spectroscopy ............................................. 74
      MODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator ........................... 75
      IceBridge ................................................ 77
      DISCOVER-AQ .............................................. 77
      Airborne Microwave Observatory of Subcanopy and
      Subsurface ............................................... 79
      CARVE .................................................... 79
      Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel ...................... 79
   Satellites and Their Primary Earth Observation Systems ...... 79
   United States of America (NASA, NOAA) ....................... 80
      Orbiting Geophysical Observatory ......................... 80
      Skylab ................................................... 80
      Landsat .................................................. 80
      Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite ........ 83
      Laser Geodynamics Satellite 1 and 2 ...................... 83
      The National Oceanographic and Atmospheric
      Administration and MetOp-A ............................... 83
      Heat Capacity Mapping Mission ............................ 84
      SeaSat ................................................... 84
      Magnetic Field Satellite ................................. 86
      Space Shuttle ............................................ 86
      Geodetic Satellite ....................................... 87
      TOPEX/Poseidon ........................................... 87
      Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission ...................... 88
      Geosat Follow-On ......................................... 88
      TERRA (EOS AM) ........................................... 88
      Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor III .......... 91
      Quick Scatterometer ...................................... 92
      New Millenium Program Earth Observing-1 Satellite ........ 92
      Scientific Application Satellite-C ....................... 92
      Jason-1 .................................................. 94
      Jason-2 .................................................. 95
      AQUA (EOS PM1) ........................................... 95
      Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment .................. 96
      Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite ................. 97
      Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment ................... 97
      Aura ..................................................... 98
      CBERS Series ............................................. 98
      Polar Operational Environmental Satellite N Series ....... 98
      CloudSat ................................................ 100
      CALIPSO ................................................. 102
      Aquarius/SAC-D .......................................... 102
      Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership ............... 103
      Canada .................................................. 103
         RADARSAT-1 ........................................... 103
         RADARSAT-2 ........................................... 104
         SCISAT-1 ............................................. 104
      Chile ................................................... 105
         FASat-Bravo .......................................... 105
         SSOT ................................................. 106
      China ................................................... 106
         Yaogan 1 Series ...................................... 106
         HaiYang-2A ........................................... 107
         Ziyuan Series ........................................ 107
      Denmark ................................................. 108
         Ørsted ............................................... 108
      DigitalGlobe ............................................ 109
         Early Bird ........................................... 109
         QuickBird ............................................ 109
         WorldView-1 .......................................... 109
         WorldView-2 .......................................... 109
      European Organization for the Exploitation of
         Meteorological Satellites ............................ 109
         Meteosat Second Generation ........................... 110
      European Space Agency ................................... 110
         ERS-1 and -2 ......................................... 111
         Cluster II Series .................................... 112
         Project for On-Board Autonomy ........................ 112
         ODIN ................................................. 112
         Environmental Satellite .............................. 112
         FORMOSAT-2 ........................................... 114
         COSMO-SkyMed ......................................... 115
         Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity ......................... 115
         Gravity Field and Ocean Circulation Explorer ......... 116
         CryoSat-2 ............................................ 116
         Laser Relativity Satellite ........................... 116
      France .................................................. 117
         STARLETTE and STELLA ................................. 117
         SPOT Series .......................................... 118
         SPOT-6 ............................................... 118
         Detection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted
         from Earthquake Regions .............................. 119
         Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for
         Atmospheric Science Coupled with Observations from
         Lidar ................................................ 119
         Pleiades Series ...................................... 120
         Pleiades IB .......................................... 121
      Germany ................................................. 121
         Challenging Minisatellite Payload .................... 121
         TerraSAR-X ........................................... 121
         TanDEM-X ............................................. 121
      GEOEYE, INC ............................................. 122
         IKONOS-1 and IKONOS-2 ................................ 122
         ORBVIEW-1 ............................................ 122
         ORBVIEW-2 ............................................ 122
         ORBVIEW-3 ............................................ 123
         GeoEye-1 ............................................. 123
      India ................................................... 124
         IRS Series ........................................... 124
         IRS-P4 (Oceansat-1) .................................. 125
         Technology Experiment Satellite ...................... 126
         IRS-P6 ............................................... 126
         IRS-P5 ............................................... 127
         IRS-P7 ............................................... 127
         Indian Micro Satellite-1 ............................. 127
         Oceansat-2 ........................................... 127
         RISAT 2 .............................................. 127
         CARTOSAT2B ........................................... 128
         ResourceSat-2 ........................................ 128
         RISAT-1 .............................................. 128
      Indonesia ............................................... 128
         Lapan-TUBsat ......................................... 128
      ImageSat International .................................. 128
         Earth Resources Observation Satellite ................ 128
         Earth Resources Observation Satellite В .............. 129
      Japan ................................................... 129
         Geostationary Meteorological Satellite Series ........ 129
         Marine Observation Satellite-1 and -1b ............... 130
         Advanced Earth Observing Satellite Series ............ 130
         JERS-1 ............................................... 132
         Multifunctional Transport Satellites Series .......... 132
         Advanced Land Observing Satellite .................... 133
         Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite ................. 135
      Korea ................................................... 135
         Korea Multipurpose Satellite-1 ....................... 136
         Korea Multipurpose Satellite-2 ....................... 136
         Korea Multipurpose Satellite-3 ....................... 136
      Soviet Union/Russian Federation ......................... 136
         KOSMOS Series ........................................ 138
         ETALON Series ........................................ 138
         ALMAZ-1 .............................................. 138
         Monitor-E ............................................ 138
         Resurs-DKl ........................................... 138
         Meteor-M-1 ........................................... 140
         Electro-L ............................................ 140
      Singapore ............................................... 140
         X-Sat ................................................ 141
      Surrey Satellite Technology Limited ..................... 141
         Disaster Monitoring Constellation .................... 141
         Alsat-1 and Alsat-2 .................................. 142
         Bilsat-1 ............................................. 142
         NigeriaSat-1 and NigeriaSat-2 ........................ 142
         NigeriaSat-X ......................................... 143
         U.K. DMCSat-1 ........................................ 143
         Beijing-1 ............................................ 143
         Deimos-1 ............................................. 143
         THEOS ................................................ 143
      Future Satellite Systems ................................ 143
         Swarm Series ......................................... 144
         LDCM (Landsat-8) ..................................... 144
         ATTREX ............................................... 145
         GeoEye-2 ............................................. 145
         CBERS Series ......................................... 145
         Sentinel Series ...................................... 145
         Atmospheric Dynamics Mission (ADM-Aeolus) ............ 146
         SPOT-7 ............................................... 146
         Global Precipitation Measurement ..................... 146
         Worldview-3 .......................................... 147
         National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental
         Satellite System ..................................... 147
         SAOCOM Series ........................................ 147
         OceanSat-3 ........................................... 147
         International Space Station (ISS) .................... 148
         Jason-3 .............................................. 148
         Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 ........................ 148
         EarthCARE ............................................ 149
         GOES NEXT Series ..................................... 149
         HyspIRI .............................................. 149
         ResourceSat-3 ........................................ 149
         CartoSat-3 ........................................... 150
         Soil Moisture Active-Passive ......................... 150
         Geosat Follow-On-2 ................................... 150
         Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 ........... 150
         Joint Polar Satellite System ......................... 151
         RADARSAT-3, -4, and -5 ............................... 151
         ASCENDS .............................................. 151
         Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of
         Ice .................................................. 152
   References ................................................. 152
   Additional Reading ......................................... 163

Section II Remote Sensing in Geologic Mapping and Resource
Exploration
   Introduction ............................................... 165
      Geologic Mapping ........................................ 166
      Frontier Area Analysis .................................. 166
      Lease Evaluation ........................................ 167
      Established Concessions ................................. 168
      The Field Check ......................................... 168
4  Recognizing Rock Types ..................................... 171
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 171
   Igneous Rocks .............................................. 171
      Intrusive Igneous Rocks ................................. 171
      Extrusive Igneous Rocks ................................. 173
   Metamorphic Rocks .......................................... 175
   Sedimentary Rocks .......................................... 176
      Sandstones .............................................. 176
      Shales .................................................. 176
      Carbonates .............................................. 177
      Evaporites .............................................. 178
   References ................................................. 180
5  Recognizing Structure ...................................... 181
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 181
   Undeformed Terrain ......................................... 181
   Recognizing Dip ............................................ 183
   Anticlines, Domes, and Uplifts ............................. 188
      Surface Folds ........................................... 190
      Buried Folds ............................................ 191
      Topographic Expression of Folding ....................... 192
      Color Anomalies Indicating Folds ........................ 192
      Vegetation Anomalies Suggesting Folds ................... 193
      Fracture Patterns Indicating Folds ...................... 194
      Buried Folds in Glacial Terrain ......................... 200
      Folds beneath Drifting Sand ............................. 200
      Folds Revealed by Drainage Patterns ..................... 201
         Channel Width/Depth Adjustment and Incision .......... 202
         Compressed Meanders .................................. 202
         Drainage Texture ..................................... 203
         Radial and Concentric (Annular) Drainage ............. 203
         Braided Stream Segments .............................. 204
         Double Drainage Deflection ........................... 204
         Change in Strike of Bedding .......................... 204
         Parallel Drainage Deflection ......................... 205
         Levee Preservation ................................... 205
      Topographic Profiles .................................... 206
      Trend Surface Analyses .................................. 206
      Surface Features Offset from Subsurface Structure ....... 207
   Circular Features .......................................... 207
   Fractures and Lineaments ................................... 208
      Propagation Mechanisms .................................. 208
      Joints .................................................. 211
      Faults .................................................. 216
         Normal, Reverse, and Listric Faults .................. 219
         Strike-Slip Faults ................................... 228
         Thrust Faults ........................................ 231
      Case History: Structure and Geomechanics of
      Active Fault Zones ...................................... 239
         Fault Zone Mapping ................................... 241
         Fault Zone Complexity ................................ 241
         Lateral Displacement of Geomorphic Markers ........... 242
         Geomechanical Modeling ............................... 245
   Earthquakes and Tectonics .................................. 247
      Case History: Measuring Earthquake Deformation Using
      Differential Lidar ...................................... 248
         El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Deformation .............. 248
         Remote Sensing and Earthquake Forecasting ............ 251
   Timing of Structural Development ........................... 252
   References ................................................. 253
   Additional Reading ......................................... 261
6  Stratigraphic and Compositional Mapping .................... 263
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 263
   Rock Spectra ............................................... 263
   Mineral Spectra ............................................ 264
   Hyperspectral Imagery ...................................... 268
      Mineral Mixing and Unmixing ............................. 269
      Atmospheric Corrections ................................. 272
   Ground-Penetrating Radar ................................... 272
   Lithologic Mapping ......................................... 274
      Using Radar to Map Stratigraphy ......................... 279
      Hyperspectral Outcrop and Core Analysis ................. 279
   Source Rock Mapping ........................................ 283
   Seeps Mapping .............................................. 283
   Stratigraphic Traps ........................................ 285
   Stratiform Deposits ........................................ 287
      Coal, Phosphate, Potash, and Uranium-Vanadium Deposits .. 287
      Base Metal Sedimentary Deposits and Chemical
      Precipitates ............................................ 287
      Disseminated Sedimentary Ores and Replacement Mantos .... 289
      Fluvial and Marine Placer Deposits ...................... 290
      Laterites ............................................... 292
   References ................................................. 292
   Additional Reading ......................................... 296
7  Remote Geochemistry ........................................ 297
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 297
   Altered Rock and Soil Related to Hydrocarbon Seepage ....... 297
   Altered Rock and Soil Related to Mineral Deposits .......... 304
   Remote Sensing of Gases, Radiation, and Aerosols ........... 309
      Case History: Sniffing the Air .......................... 309
      Detection of Gases, Radiation, and Aerosols Associated
      with Mineral Deposits ................................... 311
   References ................................................. 312
8  Modern Analogs ............................................. 317
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 317
   Depositional Environments .................................. 317
      Storm Deposits .......................................... 322
   Erosional Environments ..................................... 323
   Structural Analogs ......................................... 324
   Analogs for Hazards Planning ............................... 326
   Planetary Analogs .......................................... 327
   References ................................................. 328
9  Remote Sensing in Petroleum Exploration .................... 331
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 331
   Frontier Petroleum Exploration ............................. 331
      Case History: Offshore Barbados Petroleum Exploration ... 331
      Case History: Unraveling the Trap at Trap Springs,
      Nevada .................................................. 333
   Mature Basin Petroleum Exploration ......................... 336
      Case History: An Integrated Approach Brings
      New Life to an Old Basin ................................ 336
      Case History: Stratigraphic Traps in the Paradox
      Basin, Utah ............................................. 340
   Resource Plays ............................................. 343
      Case History: Niobrara Fractured Carbonate-Shale
      Reservoir, Denver Basin, Colorado-Wyoming ............... 343
      Case History: The Marcellus Fractured Shale Play ........ 347
   References ................................................. 349
   Additional Reading ......................................... 351
10 Remote Sensing in Mineral Exploration ...................... 353
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 353
   Exploration Applications of Alteration Mapping ............. 353
      Case History: Mapping the Grizzly Peak Caldera,
      Colorado ................................................ 353
      Case History: The Missing Link—Alteration Associated
      with Gold Mineralization at Goldfield, Nevada ........... 357
   Exploration Applications of Structure Mapping .............. 361
      Case History: Structure Mapping as a Guide to Porphyry
      Copper Deposits, Northeast China ........................ 361
   Exploration Applications of Hyperspectral Mapping .......... 362
      Case History: Exploration for Diamond-Bearing
      Kimberlites and Diatremes, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming .. 362
      Case History: Mineral Exploration in Northern Chile ..... 365
   References ................................................. 370
   Additional Reading ......................................... 371

Section III Exploitation, Hydrologie, and Engineering
Remote Sensing
   Introduction ............................................... 373
   Exploitation Applications .................................. 373
   Hydrologie Applications .................................... 374
   Engineering and Logistical Applications .................... 375
11 Remote Sensing in Resource Exploitation Projects ........... 377
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 377
   Choosing Infill and Stepout Well Locations ................. 377
      Case History: Developing the Bravo Dome C02 Field, New
      Mexico .................................................. 378
      Case History: Developing a Fractured (Conventional)
      Reservoir, Austin Chalk, Texas .......................... 381
   Coalbed Methane ............................................ 387
      Case History: Developing Coal Bed Methane, Piceance
      Basin, Colorado ......................................... 388
   Secondary Recovery and Waterfloods ......................... 389
      Case History: Understanding a Waterflood at Cottonwood
      Creek Field, Wyoming .................................... 390
   Extending Known Mineral Deposits ........................... 393
      Case History: Extending Known Deposits in the
      Huancavelica Mining District, Peru ...................... 394
   Slope Stability and Mine Safety ............................ 397
   References ................................................. 397
12 Hydrology .................................................. 401
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 401
   Locating Sources of Groundwater ............................ 401
   Soil Moisture Determination ................................ 405
   Surface Waters and Bathymetry .............................. 407
   Bathymetric Mapping and Ocean Floor Topography ............. 409
   Sub-Glacial Water .......................................... 411
   Geothermal Resources ....................................... 413
   References ................................................. 415
   Additional Reading ......................................... 418
13 Logistics and Engineering .................................. 419
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 419
   Site Selection ............................................. 419
      Geologic Structure ...................................... 420
      Surface Materials ....................................... 421
      Subsidence .............................................. 421
      Surface Slope ........................................... 422
      Permafrost .............................................. 422
      Expanding Clays ......................................... 424
   Generating Appropriate Base Maps ........................... 424
   Reconnaissance ............................................. 425
   Transportation ............................................. 427
   Construction Projects ...................................... 432
      Case History: Site Selection for the Kakrapar Atomic
      Power Project, India .................................... 432
   References ................................................. 433
   Additional Reading ......................................... 434

Section IV  Environmental Remote Sensing
14 Environmental Baselines and Monitoring ..................... 437
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 437
   Environmental Audits ....................................... 437
      Hazardous Waste ......................................... 438
      Terrestrial Hydrocarbon Leaks and Spills ................ 438
   Habitat Mapping ............................................ 439
   Surface Disturbance and Change Detection ................... 441
      Case History: Using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture
      Radar (InSAR) to Monitor Surface Deformation over a
      Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage Project, Christina
      Lake, Alberta ........................................... 445
   Coal Mine Fires ............................................ 446
      Case History: Monitoring the Jharia Coal Fire, India .... 449
   Mine Reclamation ........................................... 451
      Case History: Mine Reclamation in the Couer d'Alene
      Mining District, idaho .................................. 451
   Water Quality .............................................. 456
      Rivers, Lakes, and Ponds ................................ 456
      Case History: Acid Rock Drainage, Upper Arkansas
      River, Colorado ......................................... 457
      Case History: Monitoring Algal Blooms and Toxins,
      Nebraska ................................................ 459
      Groundwater Quality ..................................... 463
      Estuaries and Wetlands .................................. 466
      Marine Environment ...................................... 466
         Algae ................................................ 466
         Discharges, Spills, and Seeps ........................ 467
         Coastal Change Mapping ............................... 469
   Atmospheric and Air Pollution Monitoring ................... 470
      Gas and Aerosol Detectors ............................... 473
      Satellite and Airborne Atmospheric Monitoring ........... 476
   References ................................................. 478
   Additional Reading ......................................... 483
15 Geobotanical Remote Sensing ................................ 485
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 485
   Geobotany and Geological Mapping ........................... 486
      Vegetation Suppression Techniques ....................... 491
   Botanical Indicators of Mineralization and Alteration ...... 492
   Botanical Responses to Hydrocarbons ........................ 494
   Vegetation as a Groundwater/Geothermal Resource Indicator .. 499
   References ................................................. 500
   Additional Reading ......................................... 502
16 Environmental Hazards and Global Warming ................... 503
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 503
   Monitoring the Effects of Global Warming ................... 505
   Landslides and Avalanches .................................. 508
   Earthquakes and Tsunamis ................................... 513
   Flooding ................................................... 516
   Erosion .................................................... 520
   Volcanoes .................................................. 521
      Case History: Monitoring Volcanic Unrest in Kenya ....... 523
   Subsidence and Sinkholes ................................... 525
      Case History: Subsidence over Abandoned Coal Mines,
      Colorado Springs, Colorado .............................. 526
   Marine Hazards ............................................. 528
      Shoals .................................................. 529
      Shoreline Change ........................................ 530
      Submarine Slumps ........................................ 530
      Sea Ice and Sea Ice Scour ............................... 530
      Hydrates, Gas Vents, and Craters ........................ 532
   References ................................................. 533
   Additional Reading ......................................... 536

Section V Astrogeology
   References ................................................. 538
17 Mapping Planetary Structure ................................ 539
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 539
   Faulting ................................................... 539
   Folding .................................................... 545
   Impact Structures .......................................... 548
   References ................................................. 555
   Additional Reading ......................................... 556
18 Mapping Planetary Stratigraphy ............................. 559
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 559
   Erosion and Deposition ..................................... 559
      Eolian Erosion and Deposition ........................... 559
      Oceans and Lakes ........................................ 562
      Rivers and Deltas ....................................... 562
      Mass Wasting ............................................ 567
      Glaciation .............................................. 568
      Volcanism ............................................... 569
   Composition and Mineral Mapping ............................ 572
   References ................................................. 577
   Additional Reading ......................................... 577
19 Planetary Resources ........................................ 579
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 579
   Water ...................................................... 579
   Minerals and Metals ........................................ 582
   Hydrocarbons ............................................... 583
   References ................................................. 585
   Additional Reading ......................................... 585

Section VI Remote Sensing, Geoscience, and the Public
20 Public Relations, the Media, and the Law ................... 589
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 589
   Public Relations ........................................... 589
   Media ...................................................... 592
   Remote Sensing and the Law ................................. 593
      Regulations ............................................. 593
      Law Suits ............................................... 594
   References ................................................. 596
21 Geographic Information Systems and Online Remote
   Sensing Resources .......................................... 597
   Chapter Overview ........................................... 597
   Geographie Information Systems and Mapping ................. 598
      Case History: Mine Management Using a Geographic
      Information System ...................................... 598
      Case History: Pipeline Routing Using Remote Sensing
      and a Geographic Information System ..................... 600
   Online Resources for Remote Sensing ........................ 601
      Data Repositories ....................................... 602
         NASA Reverb (reverb.echo.nasa.gov) ................... 602
         Rapid Response (lance.nasa.gov/imagery/rapid-
         response/) ........................................... 602
         USGS EarthExplorer (earthexplorer.usgs.gov) .......... 602
         USGS GloVis (glovis.usgs.gov) ........................ 603
         ESA EOLi (eoli.esa.int) .............................. 603
      Community Remote Sensing ................................ 603
      Ongoing Research ........................................ 604
      Publishing Data ......................................... 605
      Standards ............................................... 605
      Software Tools .......................................... 605
      Geographic Information Systems .......................... 606
      Virtual Globes .......................................... 606
         Google Earth ......................................... 606
         NASA World Wind ...................................... 607
         OpenWebGlobe ......................................... 608
      Image Analysis .......................................... 610
         ESA BEAM (www.brockmann-consult.de/cms/web/beam) ..... 610
         GDAL (gdal.org) ...................................... 611
         GeoTools (geotools.org) .............................. 611
         OSSIM (www.ossim.org) ................................ 611
      Networks ................................................ 611
      Forums .................................................. 611
         Twitter .............................................. 612
         Blogs ................................................ 612
   OpenTopography: Tutorial for a Web-Based Public Digital
   Topographic Data and Tools ................................. 613
      Introduction ............................................ 613
      Computing Considerations ................................ 614
   References ................................................. 619
22 Closing Thoughts ........................................... 621

Index ......................................................... 623


Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 

[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: branchl@gpntbsib.ru
© 1997-2020 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Wed Feb 27 14:27:00 2019. Размер: 45,392 bytes.
Посещение N 1174 c 28.10.2014