Wyngaard J.C. Turbulence in the atmosphere (Cambridge; New York, 2010). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
Навигация

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаWyngaard J.C. Turbulence in the atmosphere. - Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. - xii, 393 p.: ill. - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.387-393. - ISBN 798-0-521-88769-4
 

Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ........................................................ ix

Part I   A grammar of turbulence

1  Introduction ................................................. 3
   1.1  Turbulence, its community, and our approach ............. 3
   1.2  The origins and nature of turbulence .................... 4
   1.3  Turbulence and surface fluxes ........................... 5
   1.4  How do we study turbulence? ............................ 10
   1.5  The equations of turbulence ............................ 11
   1.6  Key properties of turbulence ........................... 14
   1.7  Numerical modeling of turbulent flows .................. 18
   1.8  Physical modeling of turbulent flows ................... 20
   1.9  The impact of Kolmogorov ............................... 20
2  Getting to know turbulence .................................. 27
   2.1  Average and instantaneous properties contrasted ........ 27
   2.2  Averaging .............................................. 28
   2.3  Ergodicity ............................................. 34
   2.4  The convergence of averages ............................ 35
   2.5  The turbulence spectrum and the eddy velocity scale .... 38
   2.6  Turbulent vorticity .................................... 43
   2.7  Turbulent pressure ..................................... 44
   2.8  Eddy diffusivity ....................................... 45
   2.9  Reynolds-number similarity ............................. 49
   2.10 Coherent structures .................................... 49
3  Equations for averaged variables ............................ 55
   3.1  Introduction ........................................... 55
   3.2  Ensemble-averaged equations ............................ 56
   3.3  Interpreting the ensemble-averaged equations ........... 59
   3.4  Space-averaged equations ............................... 65
   3.5  Summary ................................................ 70
4  Turbulent fluxes ............................................ 75
   4.1  Introduction ........................................... 75
   4.2  Temperature flux in a boundary layer ................... 76
   4.3  Mass flux in scalar diffusion .......................... 78
   4.4  Momentum flux in channel flow .......................... 83
   4.5  The "mixture length" ................................... 84
   4.6  Summary ................................................ 85
5  Conservation equations for covariances ...................... 89
   5.1  Introduction and background ............................ 89
   5.2  The fluctuation equations .............................. 90
   5.3  Example: The scalar variance equation .................. 91
   5.4  The scalar flux and Reynolds stress budgets ............ 99
   5.5  Applications .......................................... 101
   5.6  From the covariance equations to turbulence models .... 106
6  Large-eddy dynamics, the energy cascade, and large-eddy
   simulation ................................................. 115
   6.1  Introduction .......................................... 115
   6.2  More on space averaging ............................... 116
   6.3  A "thought problem": equilibrium homogeneous 
        turbulence ............................................ 120
   6.4  Application to flows homogeneous in two dimensions .... 127
   6.5  The physical mechanisms of interscale transfer ........ 129
   6.6  Large-eddy simulation ................................. 130
7  Kolmogorov scaling, its extensions, and two-dimensional
   turbulence ................................................. 145
   7.1  The inertial subrange ................................. 145
   7.2  Applications of inertial-range scaling ................ 151
   7.3  The dissipative range ................................. 153
   7.4  Revised Kolmogorov scaling ............................ 159
   7.5  Two-dimensional turbulence ............................ 163

Part II  Turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer ......... 173

8  The equations of atmospheric turbulence .................... 175
   8.1  Introduction .......................................... 175
   8.2  The governing equations for a dry atmosphere .......... 175
   8.3  Accounting for water vapor, liquid water, and phase
        change ................................................ 182
   8.4  The averaged equations for moist air .................. 185
9  The atmospheric boundary layer ............................. 193
   9.1  Overview .............................................. 193
   9.2  The surface energy balance ............................ 197
   9.3  Buoyancy effects ...................................... 198
   9.4  Average vs. instantaneous structure ................... 204
   9.5  Quasi-steadiness and local homogeneity ................ 204
   9.6  The mean-momentum equations ........................... 205
10 The atmospheric surface layer .............................. 215
   10.1 The "constant-flux" layer ............................. 215
   10.2 Monin-Obukhov similarity .............................. 217
   10.3 Asymptotic behavior of M-O similarity ................. 225
   10.4 Deviations from M-O similarity ........................ 228
11 The convective boundary layer .............................. 241
   11.1 Introduction .......................................... 241
   11.2 The mixed layer: velocity fields ...................... 241
   11.3 The mixed layer: conserved-scalar fields .............. 252
   11.4 The interfacial layer ................................. 259
12 The stable boundary layer .................................. 267
   12.1 Introduction .......................................... 267
   12.2 The late-afternoon ABL transition over land ........... 273
   12.3 The quasi-steady SBL .................................. 281
   12.4 The evolving SBL ...................................... 286
   12.5 Modeling the equilibrium height of neutral and 
        stable ABLs ........................................... 288

Part III Statistical representation of turbulence ............. 295

13 Probability densities and distributions .................... 297
   13.1 Introduction .......................................... 297
   13.2 Probability statistics of scalar functions of 
        a single variable ..................................... 298
   13.3 Examples of probability densities ..................... 302
   13.4 The evolution equation for the probability density .... 308
14 Isotropic tensors .......................................... 313
   14.1 Introduction .......................................... 313
   14.2 Cartesian tensors ..................................... 313
   14.3 Determining the form of isotropic tensors ............. 314
   14.4 Implications of isotropy .............................. 316
   14.5 Local isotropy ........................................ 319
15 Co variances, autocorrelations, and spectra ................ 331
   15.1 Introduction .......................................... 331
   15.2 Scalar functions of a single variable ................. 331
   15.3 Scalar functions of space and time .................... 337
   15.4 Vector functions of space and time .................... 341
   15.5 Joint vector and scalar functions of space and time ... 350
   15.6 Spectra in the plane .................................. 351
16 Statistics in turbulence analysis .......................... 361
   16.1 Evolution equations for spectra ....................... 361
   16.2 The analysis and interpretation of turbulence 
        signals ............................................... 369
   16.3 Probe-induced flow distortion ......................... 378

Index ......................................................... 387


Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 

[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: branchl@gpntbsib.ru
© 1997-2020 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Wed Feb 27 14:21:58 2019. Размер: 11,644 bytes.
Посещение N 1555 c 01.03.2011